Objectives: The objective of the paper is to highlight the gender gap in literacy rate of Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and all population in Odisha. The paper also analyses GER, GPI, and dropout ratio in primary, upper primary and high school level. For all-round development of human being, education is essential and fundamental for all. Odisha has 22.8 per cent tribal population spread across the whole state. Method: The study id based on secondary data and descriptive statistics, line graph, least square method, t-test are used for analysis. Findings: The female literacy of ST has risen from a low level from 1.77 percent in 1961 to 4.76 percent in 1981 and 23.37 per cent in 2001 and 41.20 percent in 2011 in Odisha. It is also observed that the literacy rate of ST women is relatively low at 41.20 percent in 2011 compared to 58.76 percent of SC women and 64.01 percent of all women in Odisha. Many Polices and plans has been implemented to improve the education of ST girls but still their status is miserable. Novelty: The research work in this paper has explored the changing gender gap in education of tribal girls in tribal dominated state of Odisha.
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