Physical Aspects of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in Himachal Pradesh

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Sanjeev Kumar

Abstract

Background: MGNREGA is an effective demand driven employment generation programme of rural India, which seeks to provide employment opportunities to those sections of society/economy which have high marginal propensity to consume of their enhanced income. Objective: to analyse the progress of different physical aspects of MGNREGA in twelve districts of Himachal Pradesh. Methodology: the secondary data has been collected on all districts of Himachal Pradesh for the years 2011-12 and 2018-19, results have been interpreted using descriptive statistics and presented in the form of bar diagrams. The success ratio, average and percentage have been calculated. Findings: it was observed that the MGNREGA has shown a significant improvement in different physical aspects in Himachal Pradesh in the financial year 2018-19 vis-à-vis 2011-12. The number of job cards issued and the number of households demanded and provided employment under MGNREGA has been increasing continuously across the districts in Himachal Pradesh. Another important physical aspect is the increasing person days generated by SC, ST and women under the Act. Novelty/Applications: The present study can help the different stakeholders of MGNREGA in understanding the performance of different districts of Himachal Pradesh with respect to various physical aspects of the MGNREGA and academicians to carry on further research for example on the financial aspects of the Act also.

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