Dairying is an effective instrument for livelihood security in Rural-Urban interface of Karnataka


P.D. Shivagangavva


Objective: To study the livelihood security of dairy and non-dairy farmers in rural-urban interface of Bangalore.
Method: The study was conducted inrural area and surrounding of Bangalore urban in India. Data of 240 dairy samples,
120 non-dairy samples were drawn from different layers of South and North transects during 2016-17. Thus, the total
sample size was 360. By considering (HLS) index which accounted different indicators they were grouped in to six
domains. Standardize value followed by taking the weights of the indicator by using principal component analysis and
index was constructed taking the grand weights of the indicators. According to overall income generated from dairying
was more than the non-dairy farmers. Similar study was carried by in Karnataka, showed extension personnel working
at grass root level have actively involved in providing opportunities to the sericulture based dairy farmers in Karnataka
Findings: The livelihood index value was higher among dairy sample households (0.99) than the non-dairy sample
households (0.70). Among the dairy farmers, a higher livelihood security index was observed in transition (3.18 & 5.47)
layers than rural (2.47 & 2.25) and urban (2.28 & 2.18) layers in North and South transects, respectively. Further the
distribution of income in the case of dairy sample households was found equal in transition layer of north transect
(0.43) and urban layer of south transect (0.32). In respect of non-dairy sample households, income distribution was
more unfair in transition layer urban layer and better income distribution was observed in rural layers, total income in
from dairy was Rs.2, 10,781/year as compare to Rs. 70,497 /year of non-dairy income.
Novelty: Our study reiterates that dairying is one of the important sources of livelihood activity of the rural urban
interface of Bengaluru; apart from this, it acts as secondary source of income and uplifts the farmers from subsistence
farming and poverty.